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International Journal of Case Reports and Images - IJCRI - Case Reports, Case Series, Case in Images, Clinical Images

     
Review Article
 
Radioisotopes: An overview
Kotya Naik Maloth1, Nagalaxmi Velpula2, Sridevi Ugrappa3, Srikanth Kodangal4
1MDS, Assistant professor, Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Telangana, India.
2MDS, Professor & Head, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India.
3MDS, Postgraduate, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India.
4MDS, Associate professor, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India.

doi:10.5348/ijcri-201457-RA-10012

Address correspondence to:
Dr. Kotya Naik
Maloth, H.No.5-5-47/1
Mustafa Nagar, Khammam-507001
Telangana
India
Phone: +919885617131
Email: dr.kotyanaik.maloth@gmail.com

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How to cite this article
Maloth KN, Velpula N, Ugrappa S, Kodangal S. Radioisotopes: An overview. Int J Case Rep Images 2014;5(9):604–609.


Abstract
Many elements which found on earth exist in different atomic configurations and are termed isotopes which have same atomic number but differ in their atomic mass. These unstable element decay by emission of energy such isotopes, which emit radiation, are called radioisotopes. Using of these isotopes in various sectors like industries, agriculture, healthcare and research centres has got a great importance at present. In health care sector, these isotopes are used in nuclear medicine as diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Radionuclide imaging (or functional imaging) is a branch of medicine which provides the only means of assessing physiologic changes that is a direct result of biochemical alterations and is based on the radiotracer method. In nuclear medicine procedures, radionuclides are combined with other chemical compounds or pharmaceuticals to form radiopharmaceuticals. These radiopharmaceuticals, once administered to the patient, can localize to specific organs or cellular receptors. This unique ability of radiopharmaceuticals allows nuclear medicine to diagnose or treat a disease based on the cellular function and physiology rather than relying on the anatomy.

Keywords: Radioisotope, Nuclear medicine, Radiopharmaceuticals, Radionuclide imaging

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Author Contributions
Kotya Naik Maloth – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Nagalaxmi Velpula – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Sridevi Ugrappa – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Srikanth Kodangal – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2014 Kotya Naik Maloth et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.

About The Authors

Kotya Naik Maloth is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, Telangana, India. He has published eight research papers in national and international academic journals. His research interests include advance treatment modalities in oral cancer patients such as radiotherapy and radio immunotherapy.



Nagalaxmi Velpula is Professor and Head of the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology at Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad. Dr.NTR University of Health Sciences, Telangana, India. She has published 30 research papers in national and international academic journals. Her research interests include preventive measures and advance treatment modalities in oral cancer patients.



Sridevi Ugrappa is postgraduate student in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology at Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, Telangana, India. She has published six research papers in national and international academic journals. Her research interests include recent diagnostic advances in maxilla-facial radiology.



Srikanth Kodangal is Associate Professor in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology at Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Dr.NTR University of Health Sciences, Telangana, India. He has published 10 research papers in national and international academic journals. His research interests include management and prevention of oral cancer.




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